Cape Town faces severe economic troubles over drought
Monday, March 12, 2018, 5:01 PM - Rating's agency Moody's warned on Monday the water crisis affecting Cape Town would cause the city's borrowing to rise sharply and the provincial economy to shrink the longer the situation lasted.
A severe drought afflicting South Africa's Western Cape province is expected to cut agricultural output by 20 per cent in 2018, decimating the wheat crop and reducing apple, grape and pear exports to Europe, according to national government.
The City is bracing for "Day Zero" in late August when its taps could run dry.
Moody's said in a report that one of the most direct impacts would be on Cape Town's operating revenues, as 10 per cent of them are from water charges.
The ratings agency estimates capital expenditure related to water and sanitation infrastructure could be as much as 12.7 billion rand ($1 billion) over the next five years.
FILE PHOTO: Vineyards are seen near Cape Town, South Africa, February 3, 2018. REUTERS/Mike Hutchings/File Photo
The drought also threatens to slow South Africa's economic rebound which has been fueled by a surge in agricultural production. Cape town generated nearly 10 per cent of the country's total gross domestic product in 2016.
Last Tuesday, Statistics South Africa said the economy grew 3.1 per cent in October-December, the highest rate since the second quarter of 2016, after expanding by a revised 2.3 per cent in the third quarter. Agriculture showed a 37.5 per cent expansion after growing 41.1 per cent in the previous quarter.
Government has declared drought a national disaster after its southern and western regions including Cape Town got hit hard by the drought, freeing extra funds to tackle the crisis.
(Reporting by Mfuneko Toyana; Editing by James Macharia)